Иванов А.М., Ягнешко М.В. Экономика Смоленской области к началу радикальных экономических преобразований 1985-1991 гг.

С началом 1990-х гг. в России после «Перестройки», проводившейся в предшествующие несколько лет, начались радикальные преобразования. Их динамика и результаты в определенной степени определялись теми социально-экономическими процессами, которые сложились в дореформенный период в стране в целом и на региональном уровне в частности. Авторы исследуют состояние экономики Смоленской области, динамику доходов населения, анализируют негативные изменения, накопившиеся в социально-экономической сфере региона к концу 1991 г.

Arifin, Bafadal I., Imron A., Sonhadji A. Cultivating character education through transforming school cultural values

This article discusses the transformation of school cultural values in character education. This study aimed to outline the importance regarding the transformation of school cultural values in the management of: a) curriculum and learning, b) students, c) teachers and school practitioners to realize the character education. This study was a qualitative study which employed a case study design. The participants of this study were the principals, teachers, practitioners, and students of Senior High School in Gorontalo Province of Indonesia. The results of the analysis revealed that the habituation of cultural values such as religious values, honesty, togetherness, modesty, and discipline which have formed a systematic and persistent integration with the management of curriculum, of students, of teachers and practitioners, can accomplish the goals of character education that is creating a generation that is emotionally, socially, and spiritually intelligent.

Balalaieva O.Y., Vakulyk I.I. Perception of ancient motifs in the works of Ukrainian neoclassicists

The article analyses the specifics of the perception of ancient motifs and images in the literary heritage of Ukrainian neoclassicists of the early 20th century, M. Zerov and M. Rylsky in particular. The poetry of Neo-Classicism representatives is considered in cultural and literary aspects. The article proves that in spite of the common for neoclassicists attraction to kalokagathia as an aesthetic ideal of an ancient culture, which included the harmony of senses of a rational sphere, physical and spiritual roots, high culture of thinking and the discipline of poetic speech, the aesthetic platform of Zerov and Rylsky does not come down to the principles of “pure classicism”, the interpretation of classical forms and principles as universal and unchanging norms.